在雅思阅读文章中,经常会出现一些表示关系的信号词,考生们一定要多多关注,有助于我们对文章内容的整体把握。接下来小编将常见的信号词进行了分类,一共包括下面六大类,当然信号词远不止这些,考生可以多多总结。

  一、顺接和递进

  例词:also, furthermore, moreover, what is more, in addition…

  考点:And Western scientists are starting to draw on this wisdom…(C6, P28, T31找标题)

  解析:And在这句话开头,有一定的递进含义, this wisdom则是指代了前面一句话出现的their wealth of traditional knowledge(因纽特人传统的知识),所以这两句话有紧密的联系,同学们在读题的时候要通过发现信号词,然后发散地看它的前后句,最后把考点考察的意思补充完整。

  二、对比和转折

  例词:however, but, although, nevertheless, on the other hand, by comparison…

  考点:However, we believe that credit must be extended in association with other types of support that help participants develop critical life skills as well as productive businesses.(C4, P66, T13主旨选择题)

  题目中出现了conclude的字眼,总结段落一般是在文章的最后,然而带有转折信号词however这句话,显然就是文章的考点所在。

  三、相似

  例词:similarly, in other words, that is, put another way…

  考点:In other words, we became aware of the obvious fact that there were‘limits to growth’.(C4, P97, T32分类题)

  解析:In other words是解释,换一种说法,通常会以更加简单易懂,清晰的话语陈述出难点,常常难点就是雅思阅读考点出没的地方。

  四、时间先后

  例词:firstly, second, next, then, now, later, since, eventually, finally…

  考点:Three factors are involved in this change. First is an awareness of the severity of the problem. Second, a number of resources to help tackle bullying have become available in Britain…Third, there is evidence that these materials work, and that schools can achieve something.(C6, P94, T30选标题)

  解析:段落结构很清楚,主要是因为有表达顺序的信号词First、second、third,让我们认识这段是在讲,侍强凌弱这种现象已经开始改变,主要是从三个方面入手:意识、资源、监督。这种发展让学校有了更多的方法和有效途径解决存在的问题。这里的First、second、third提示我们三个方面,同时也是一个发展的过程。

  五、排列次序

  例词:another, the second, the most, the best…

  考点:Most important of all, the traditional measures of‘risk’, such as parents’ age and education, or whether they were a single parent, bore little or no relationship to the measures of achievement and language development.(C5, P63, T12判断题)

  解析:most important of all强调了最重要的事情,也就是文中比较重要的结论要出炉了。Single parents是题目中的关键词,同样在这一句里出现了,我们可以利用对雅思阅读信号词的敏感度,快速抓住文章的考点,进行局部精读。

  六、强调作用

  例词:in fact, in essence, in particular, emphasize…

  考点:This, in essence, is the problem of modern sociobiology- to discover the degree to which hard-wired genetic programming dictates…(C5, P21, T18信息包含题)

  解析:信息包含题考察细节是在那个段落出现,在做此类题目时,要注意信号词与考点的密切相关性,从而迅速找准答案。这里出现了in essence(实质上),起了一定的强调作用,迅速扫读后,发现同时出现了题目关键词sociobiology,破折号后面的介词to是表目的与题目中的the general aim of一致对应。

  以上是小编为大家分享的“雅思阅读文章中多关注这些重点信号词”的全部内容,希望小编的分享能帮助大家结合有效的备考,顺利在雅思考试中拿下自己的目标分数。


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