1. More and more people buy and use their own car. Do you think the advantages of this trend for individuals overweigh the disadvantages for environment?
Just 50 years ago, to own a car was quite a luxury, but today, cars have found their way into many households. Statistics show in China alone, there are over 140 million cars running on road every day. While cars have brought about conveniences to their users, they have imposed great pressure on the environment.
Modern city life has made the car an indispensable means of transport. Though most cities today have fairly advanced transportation systems like the bus and metro, they tend to be extremely crowded, especially in rush hours. This means you might come to your office late or miss some important appointments. If you drive your own car, these problems may well be avoided. At the same time, when you plan to take your family for a trip out of town, you may also enjoy the flexibility of when to start off and when to return, rather than spending time waiting for the bus to arrive.
However, the increased use of cars has caused serious consequences for our environment. Many experts, for instance, attribute the worsening air quality in big cities to the cars’ exhaust gas emission and the dust that rises after them. This accusation is perhaps well-grounded if you make a little comparison between the air quality 50 years ago and that now. In addition to the waste gas and dust, cars also make unbearable noises, which is a headache to all city dwellers. Just imagine a time you are shocked awake from your cozy dream by the sharp braking screech of a car passing by your house!
In my view, it is unrealistic for the government to put a ban on the car ownership or use since the cars have been so important in our daily life, yet we cannot overlook the negative effects they have on the environment. To get out of this dilemma, to my mind, there are two options, the first being to develop car technology and produce cars that burn less fuel and the second, encourage the car owners to use public transportation whenever possible.
2. People can eat a wide variety of food that can be grown in other areas. As a result, people eat more food produced in other regions than local food. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages.
Our diet is becoming more diversified than before, with a wider range of food transported from other regions. Many people prefer this kind of food to locally produced food and as a result, the consumption of local food declines, while the food produced in other regions is gaining popularity.
This trend can increase the varieties food and gives people more choices in their daily diet. For instance, people in China can buy some bread and biscuits that are imported from foreign countries. Those who live in cold areas can try some fruits that are grown in tropical area. Also, this would encourage the trade between different regions, as any country or region can focus on the production of the local food and exchange it with others. As a result, the productivity increases significantly and people can buy high quality food at low prices.
However, this trend also has some negative effects, both on individuals and on the society. Food produced locally is believed to be fresher than that transported a long distance from other regions. To increase the shelf life, preservatives are commonly used in food processing, which poses a risk to people's health ， as these additives may contain some harmful substances. In addition, the local food reflects a region's customs and cultures. If people prefer to eat the food produced in other regions, some local special food may diminish, which would be a loss of local food culture.
Overall, we can expect more food in other regions to appear on our dining table. This can enrich our lives, but meanwhile there are some problems that should not be ignored.
3. Some countries achieve international sporting success by building specialized facilities to train top athletes instead of providing sports facilities that everyone can use. Do you think it is a positive or negative development?
Some countries today invest huge amount of money on specialized facilities for the training of their top athletes to achieve sporting success internationally. I think this investment is rewarding as long as it is not at the expenses of the sports facilities for the public.
The benefits of athletes winning on international sports arena such as Olympic Games or the World Cup Championship are multiple. For the athletes, who often come from economically underprivileged families, a champion can save them from their financial embarrassment, not just for themselves, but for the entire families as well. An Olympic champion, furthermore, can become a national hero and serve as the role model for numerous young people, who will try to be as hard-working, self-disciplined, and persistent as the champion. Most importantly, a hard-won champion title can even bring pride to the entire nation and help the nation to move on, especially in hard times.
However, more international champions should not become the excuse to cut down on the investment on the public sports facilities. A country without adequate sports facilities for the general public can never be truly encouraged no matter how many world champions it boasts. You will understand the frustration when you put on your sports shirt and go out, spurred by the perfect performance of an athlete you love in an important game, only to find that all available gyms and stadiums are crowded, leaving you nowhere to go.
To conclude, international sporting success is necessary, which explains why a country ought to put money into specialized facilities to train its top athletes. However, if the government has to make a choice between the world champions and the public sports facilities, I will support the second one. To my mind, only when the general mass of people enjoys the adequate sports facilities will they be encouraged and motivated by their world champions.