雅思作文开头段练习必备!雅思写作基础差怎么进行备考,很多考生不知道如何展开自己的写作备考,为了帮助大家有效备考,我们先从开头来学习,接下来小编为大家带来了雅思作文开头段练习必备资料,供大家参考。

  Introduction 开头段

  引言段的目的是为了让读者了解如下几个方面:

  文章的主题 (the topic: A background sentence giving some background information on the essay topic.

  一个能根据与论文题目给出背景信息的句子。

  涉及的方面(the aspect of the topic being dealt with: A more detailed sentence linking the background sentence to the thesis.)

  注意,在阐述涉及话题时,应细化到阐述背景句大话题下的某个具体方面,即文章要讨论的实际内容。

  不同文章类型中开头段结构也会有所调整

  Argumentation类

  作者的立场 (the stand (attitude) taken by the writer to the topic)

  在论证性文章里,这个部分应给出作者自身的立场、观点和见解。

  Discussion / Report 类

  陈述文章的目的(state the purpose of the essay) , 如The aim/purpose of this essay is to …

  在议论性论文里,该部分应提出文章的写作目的,如文章是为了解决、解释、阐述、分析或预测某问题、现象、成因、影响或趋势等。

  主要观点总结 (outline the main points of the essay: An outline sentence declaring main points you are going to use to support your thesis.)

  用一句话简要概括文章主要观点。也就是说,一篇文章的开头其实应该涵括结尾了。

  这四个部分最好融入到3句话里面,且字数控制在50词左右。比如有时候第一部分和第二部分可以写成一句话,有时第三部分和第四部分则可写在一句里。注意总结主要观点的时候可以考虑用名词词组提炼主要意思。如果前三个部分太长的话,可以考虑省略第四部分。

  1.1 开头段实例 (Samples)

  1. Today people are surrounded by many kinds of advertising and this is having an increasing effect on our lives. Do the positive effects outweigh the negative effects?

  Introduction

  Advertisements have become one of the crucial factors that determines the style and functioning of one’s life in different contexts. The force of advertising reaches out and touches everyone living and working in the modern world today. (描述背景 + 转述题目)For me, advertising nowadays brings more negative influences to the public and strongly affects our daily lives, such as irrational buying behaviours and information explosion. (个人倾向 + 主要观点)

  2. Older people who need employment have to compete with younger people. What problems does this cause? And what are the solutions?

  Introduction

  There is a widely held perception (n. 感知) that old and young people are fighting for a single scarce commodity: jobs (一单一稀缺商品:工作). (描述背景) Many cities have become a front line (前线) in a generational battle (世代之争) for jobs, as older workers increasingly compete against applicants in their 20s for positions in most industries, including supermarkets, McDonald’s, and dozens of (许多) other places. (转述题目)Some problems and effects such as vicious competition (恶性竞争) might arise and from this, possible solutions will be discussed in this essay. (交代文章写作目的)

  1.2 参考句型

  文章的主题 (1)涉及的方面 (2)

  Research has shown that …

  It is often reported that…

  Recent advances in … have led to…

  The issue of … is one which needs to be looked at carefully

  It has become apparent in recent years, that…is an issue that many people feel strongly about.This essay will discuss the topic of…in more details.

  This essay will consider the problem of … and outline possible solutions.

  In this essay, the argument/issue surrounding…will be examined.

  The arguments both for and against… will be evaluated in this essay

  作者的观点 (3)作者的立场 (3)

  However, the writer also thinks…

  The writer would also argue that…

  However, from the writer’s perspective, …

  However, the writer feels the question is not whether…but whether…The writer would argue that…

  The writer firmly believes that…

  It seems to me that…

  The writer tends to think that…

  1.3 背景句练习

  很明显,政府的主要职责是提高公民的生活标准。(improve citizens’ living standards)

  媒体提供给人们所需要的从时事到娱乐新闻的各类信息。(current affairs, entertainments news)

  大学被认为是一个增加知识和做学术研究的地方。(conducting academic studies)

  从历史角度来看,人类和动物之间的总有着互相冲突的利益。(conflicting interests)

  教育,简单地说,就是获取知识、学习规范的行为举止、在某个特定的领域获得技术能力的过程。(gaining knowledge, learning forms of proper conduct, acquiring technical competency)

  以上为雅思作文开头段练习必备资料推荐,建议各位考生将雅思写作备考资料完整版下载下来,方便我们在备考中使用。更多资料尽在智课网,欢迎大家持续关注。


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