题目

The author argued that the field of sociology has been overly (i) ___ , partly because, for many scholars, the edges of the social universe are defined by national borders. In this era of increasing globalization, however, sociology is presented with a historically distinct opportunity to transcend its former (ii) ___ .

Blank (i)  Blank (ii)

A. narrow in scope  D. utilitarianism

B. susceptible to fads  E. parochialism

C. averse to empiricism  F. historicism

正确答案

AE

题目解析

原句翻译:作者认为,一直以来社会学界的视野都过于狭窄,部分原因是很多学者认为社会领域不能超越国别。然而在加速全球化的今天,社会学面临一个前所未有的机会,克服以往的局限。

词汇含义

susceptible to fads 受流行时尚的影响

averse to empiricism 反对经验主义

be presented with something 被赋予某事物,被授予某事物,它是从 present somebody with something / present something to somebody 变形来的。

utilitarianism 功利主义,实用主义,效用最大化

parochial 牧区的,归属于某一教堂区域的,偏狭的,狭隘的

parochialism 狭隘

historicism 历史主义。(不懂不过看名字就决定排除了)

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