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  Section 20

  1. Though the volume of radioactive waste produced by nuclear power plants is ________ , the problem of how to dispose of that waste is not: rather, it is of major importance.

  A. unmanageable

  B. troubling

  C. significant

  D. small

  E. deceptive

  2. Investors are grateful that the attorney general has stepped in to pursue inquiries into misfeasance in the financial markets, given that the regulators officially charged with policing the industry have been

  ________.

  A. diffident

  B. meticulous

  C. straightforward

  D. implacable

  E. tenacious

  3. The author suggests that cinema archives should become more like museums, justifying their existence by selecting, grouping and commenting on important films. By thus (i)________ films, archives would not only serve as repositories but would provide (ii)________ as well.

  Blank (i)

  A. improving

  B. restoring

  C. interpreting

  Blank (ii)

  D. conservation

  E. education

  F. income

  4. Argument may be an overly (i)________ word to apply to the gossamer contrivance that is A summer of Hummingbirds. In what seems a self-conscious (ii)________ of its mascot the book flits from one subject or moment in history to another, following the various whim of its author.

  Blank (i)

  A. archaic

  B. imprecise

  C. robust

  Blank (ii)

  D. repudiation

  E. emulation

  F. misrepresentation

  5. The skin of the poison dart frog contains deadly poisons called batrachotoxins. But the (i) ________ of the toxins has remained an enigma, as the frog does not (ii) ________ them. Now an analysis suggests that the melyrid beetle is the source. Collected beetle specimens all contained batrachotoxins, suggesting that these beetles are (iii) ________ by the frogs.

  Blank (i)

  A. effect

  B. origin

  C. purpose

  Blank (ii)

  D. pressure

  E. produce

  F. suffer from

  Blank (iii)

  G. eaten

  H. neutralized

  I. poisoned

  6. When a new scientific model emerges, research studies (i)________ that paradigm tend to dominate in the scientific literature: the process of selecting articles for publication is tilted towards positive result.

  But because the paradigm (ii) ________, the academic incentives shift in the opposite direction: research result are more considered worthy publication when they (iii)________ what has become the established view.

  Blank (i)

  A. tweaking

  B. affirming

  C. controverting

  Blank (ii)

  D. is initially articulated

  E. has become entrenched

  F. is about to be attacked

  Blank (iii)

  G. bolster

  H. circumvent

  I. undermine

  7. The beauty of the scientific approach is that even when individual researchers do ________ bias or partiality, others can correct them using a framework of evidence on which everyone broadly agrees.

  A. overract to

  B. deviate from

  C. succumb to

  D. recoil from

  E. yield to

  F. shrink from

  8. The initial, widely shared pessimism turned out to be ________, because it ignored that many things that could be done with resources left behind.

  A. unintelligible

  B. unfathomable

  C. unfounded

  D. unimaginative

  E. unjustified

  F. unimportant

  9. Despite a tendency to be overtly ________, her poetry does not consist solely of pious sentiments: it often sparks the imagination and provides lively entertainment.

  A. preachy

  B. querulous

  C. insincere

  D. sanctimonious

  E. plaintive

  F. disingenuous

  10. Though it may seem as if more than a century of ________ has made the electrical grid an all-encompassing web connecting the whole of the continent, many vast and beautiful areas remain without power.

  A. refinement

  B. expansion

  C. ubiquity

  D. augmentation

  E. omnipresence

  F. isolation


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