1. The idea of a “language instinct” may seem ________ to those who think of language as the zenith of the human intellect and of instincts as brute impulses.
2. In contrast to such sparely populated terrestrial hesitates as desert and tundra, the oceans ________ with a seemingly endless array of creatures.
3. As E D explains, in eighteenth century England, writing plays (i)________ common. Even when the (ii)________ meant that playwriting did not bring personal fame, the work nevertheless enabled them to present their own views to the public and offered the possibility of acquiring capital.
D. use of a pseudonym
E. lack of a producer
F. poor remuneration
4. The national bank has been uncommonly powerful in comparison to its counterpoint in other nations. It retains this potency partly because its control of the nations banking system is (i)________ governmental interference, and thus its actions remain largely (ii)________ .
A. unencumbered by
B. replete with
C. hindered by
5. Just because, as a photographer, Friedlander (i)________ places that most people consider ugly does not meant that he is out to prove they are beautiful. Instead, his work suggests that the photographer simply cannot ignore so much of the built American landscape but is obligated to (ii)________ what we pass through day in and day out, regardless of (iii)________.
A. tends to avoid
B. is harshly critical of
C. is interested in
6. Traditional Vietnamese culture has long promoted the idea of gender equality. Founding myths (i)________the equal division of labor in child care for mothers and fathers. As is often the case,however, theoretical commitments are (ii)________ actual processes. In reality, gender-based (iii) ________ persists.
D. incommensurate with
E. surpassed by
F. inspired by
7. Culture, like speech, is primarily a human faculty, although both functions may exist in a more ________ form in lesser primate.
8. In mathematics, judgment about, the validity of prods are mediated by peer-reviewed jounrnal, to ensure ________ reviewers are carefully chosen by journal editors, and the identity of scholars whose papers are under consideration are kept secret.
9. Jackie Wullschlager’s biography of Hans Christian Anderson ________ the insipid sweetness with which Anderson coated his life and reveals a vulnerable gingerbread man with a bitter almond where his heart should be.
A. conjures up
C. strips away
10. While it is always clear that the author’s message is heartfelt, it is mostly buried by shortcomings of style, organization, and production, although the book, does become more ________ toward the end.