1.In her later years, Bertha Pappenheim was an apostle of noble but already (i)_______ (Choose from A, B, C) notions, always respected for her integrity, her energy, and her resolve but increasingly out of step and ultimately (ii)______
(Choose from D, E, F) even her own organization.
正确答案：(i). A(ii). F
The sentence is clearly conveying a contrast since "but" is used twice to indicate something positive and something negative about Pappenheim. The clue to the negative aspect is in the later part of the sentence, where "out of step" leads both to "anachronistic" as the answer for the first blank and "alienated from" as the answer for the second. Thus, the correct answer is anachronistic (Choice A) and alienated from (Choice F).
2.The reception given to Kimura's radical theory of molecular evolution shows that when________ fights orthodoxy to a draw, then novelty has seized a good chunk of space from convention.
A . imitation
B . reaction
C . dogmatism
D . invention
E . caution
The sentence sets up two parallel, contrasting concepts. The word in the blank must contrast with "orthodoxy," and since "convention" in the second contrasting pair is synonymous with "orthodoxy," the correct answer should be roughly synonymous with "novelty." The word "invention" is the best choice. Thus, the correct answer is invention (Choice D).
Questions 1-3 are based on the following reading passage.
Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were used for expressing abstract universal concepts can be clearly answered in the case of Nahuatl. Nahuatl, like Greek and German, is a language that allows the formation of extensive compounds. By the combination of radicals or semantic elements, single compound words can express complex conceptual relations, often of an abstract universal character. The tlamatinime (those who know) were able to use this rich stock of abstract terms to express the nuances of their thought. They also availed themselves of other forms of expression with metaphorical meaning, some probably original, some derived from Toltec coinages. Of these forms, the most characteristic in Nahuatl is the juxtaposition of two words that, because they are synonyms, associated terms, or even contraries, complement each other to evoke one single idea. Used metaphorically, the juxtaposed terms connote specific or essential traits of the being they refer to, introducing a mode of poetry as an almost habitual form of expression.
1.For the following question, consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage regarding present-day research relating to Nahuatl?
A . Some record or evidence of the thought of the tlamatinime is available.
B . For at least some Nahuatl expressions, researchers are able to trace their derivation from another ancient American language.
C . Researchers believe that in Nahuatl, abstract universal concepts are always expressed metaphorically.
2.Select the sentence in the passage in which the author introduces a specific Nahuatl mode of expression that is not identified as being shared with certain European languages.
A . Sentence
B . Sentence
C . Sentence
D . Sentence
E . Sentence
F . Sentence
In the context in which it appears, "coinages" (Paragraph2) most nearly means
A . adaptations
B . creations
C . idiosyncrasies
D . pronunciations
E . currencies
The best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones.
Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position.
Quantity A: x
Quantity B: 5
A . Quantity A is greater.
B . Quantity B is greater.
C . The two quantities are equal.
D . The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.