大家都知道在GRE语文部分有不同的题型,阅读是GRE语文部分的一种考试题型,阅读又包含逻辑阅读,这部分对考生来说是有一定的难度的,考生在备考的过程中应该多加练习,接下来小编为大家带来了GRE阅读逻辑第十四部分,一起来看看。

  66. A recent survey showed that many workers in a certain company are dissatisfied with their jobs. The survey also showed that most of the dissatisfied workers believe that they have little control over their job assignments. Therefore, to increase workers’ job satisfaction the company’s management need only concentrated on changing workers’ beliefs regarding the degree of control they have over their job assignment.

  Which one of the following, if also shown by the survey, would most seriously call into question the conclusion made by the author of the passage?

  A. The dissatisfied workers feel that their wages are too low and working conditions are unsatisfactory.

  B. The number of workers in the company who are satisfied with their jobs is greater than the number of workers who are dissatisfied.

  C. The workers in the company are more dissatisfied than workers in other companies.

  D. Most people in company management believe that the workers already have too much control over their work.

  E. The workers in the company who are satisfied with their jobs believe that they have a lot of control over their job assignments.

  他因法进行削弱。A is correct.

  (B) The number of workers in the company who are satisfied with their jobs is greater than the number of workers who are dissatisfied. 无关数字

  (C) The workers in the company are more dissatisfied than workers in other companies. 无关对比

  (D) Most people in company management believe that the workers already have too much control over their work. 无关比较

  (E) The workers in the company who are satisfied with their jobs believe that they have a lot of control over their job assignments. 支持

  67. It has always been difficult to understand the basis of politics in the People’s Republic of China. Because the system is effectively closed, it is impossible to know with any degree of confidence who is allied with whom and for what reasons. Yet Chinese politics does exhibit many of the external characteristics of factional political systems, as found in more open societies. It is legitimate to conclude, therefore, that China has a factional political system.

  Which one of the following, if true, would confirm the author’s conclusion that China has a factional political system?

  A. All open political systems are factional political systems.

  B. All factional political systems are closed political systems.

  C. All closed political systems are factional political systems.

  D. China’s political system is more open than many existing factional political systems.

  E. China’s political system is more closed than all existing factional political systems.

  答案:C

  思路:加强题。前提1,(A)中国政治系统——封闭;前提2,中国政治——派系政治系统;结论,(B)中国——派系政治系统。加强结论。

  A. open political systems 文中未提及,与open societies无关,不要混淆。

  B. B是A,AB之间架桥,但起到加强前提的作用,与问题要求相反。

  C. A是B,AB之间架桥,起到加强结论的作用,

  D. 架桥方向错误,open与否与结论无关。

  E. 同D。

  68. Since no one returns from death, we can never be certain about what passes through the mind of the dying person. For the unconscious, the confused, and the heavily sedated, these final moments are probably meaningless. However, for the mentally alert, it is quite possible that death presents itself as an unbelievably glorious experience, a flight into an entirely new universe of sensation. Why should we think so? Some people who have been reprieved from “certain” death at the last moment have experienced what goes through the consciousness of those who are not so fortunate. For example, parachutists who have survived falls report experiences that resemble psychedelic “trips”.

  The primary point of the argument in the passage is

  A. no one returns from death

  B. dying can be a glorious experience

  C. we can never know what passes through the mind of a dying person

  D. some people are reprieved from death at the last moment

  E. some people “die”, yet live to report their experiences

  答案:B

  思路:问题问短文论点。短文在第三行出现However,其前为一种现象的说法(不知道人死后思想上经历什么),其后强调另外一种死亡经历(Unbelievably glorious experience),后面说明后者的原因。故However引导的那句话是中心句。

  A. 文中第一种说法,不正确。

  B. 同However一句意思相同,正确。

  C. 也是第一种说法,不正确。

  D. 说明原因时使用的论据,非中心点。

  E. 同D。

  69. History textbooks frequently need to be revised. The reasons for this are clear: new discoveries of documents and remains, the discovery of mistaken inferences in prior histories, the discovery of previously unnoticed relationships among data, and the application of hitherto undiscovered principles of natural science all may indicate inadequacies in current history texts. Any of these considerations may require that the past be reinterpreted in a manner that is new and more illuminating.

  Which one of the following can be inferred from the argument in the passage?

  A. The interpretation of historical events is affected by natural science.

  B. The past is constantly renewed because of illuminating reinterpretations.

  C. History books are outdated as soon as they are written.

  D. Natural scientists also function as historians.

  E. Historians’ mistaken inferences are caused by unnoticed relationships among data.

  答案:A

  思路:归纳题,正确选项从原文推出,范围比原文窄。可用无关词排除法。

  A. 文中提到,未经发现的自然科学法则会造成历史课本的不充分,需要被重新解释。说明历史事件的解释是受自然科学影响的。正确。

  B. 混淆选项。根据最后一个句子,可知原文的意思是过去以一种新的且更加明确的方式被重新解释,而不是因为明确的解释而被经常更新。

  C. 根据头脑空白原则,不能由历史课本需要经常被修正就推出历史课本写的时候就过时了。

  D. 文中未出现诸如自然科学家、历史学家,无关词排除。

  E. 同D。

  70. A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; rainfall results from about 70 percent of such systems in the Plainville area. Moreover, the current season, spring, is the time of year in which thundershowers, which sometimes result from low-pressure systems, are most likely to occur in Plainville.

  Knowing which one of the following, in addition to the information above, would be most useful for determine the probability that Plainville will have a thundershower soon?

  A. the percentage of thundershowers in Plainville that occur in the spring

  B. the percentage of spring rainfalls in Plainville that are thundershowers

  C. the percentage of thundershowers in Plainville that result from low-pressure systems

  D. whether low-pressure systems in other areas are associated with rainfall

  E. whether Plainville has more or fewer thundershowers each spring than do near by towns

  参考答案:C

  思路:文中给出两个条件,1是低压天气将到达,而70%的低压天气导致降雨,2是现在正是1年中雷阵雨最多的季节且雷阵雨有时也是由于低压天气导致;答案(C)给出了低压天气导致雷阵雨的比率,用70%乘以这个比率,就可以得到下雷阵雨的概率了。

  A、B没能和低压天气联系起来,D、E为无关选项

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