相信大家都知道GRE考试会对考生的写作能力进行考察,大家要想在考试中获得GRE写作高分,要在平时加强练习,为了帮助大家更好的进行练习,小编为大家带来了GRE-Agument题库及翻译第六部分,一起来了解一下。

  1. The following appeared in the summary of a study on headaches suffered by the residents of Mentia.

  "Salicylates are members of the same chemical family as aspirin, a medicine used to treat headaches. Although many foods are naturally rich in salicylates, for the past several decades, food-processing companies have also been adding salicylates to foods as preservatives. This rise in the commercial use of salicylates has been found to correlate with a steady decline in the average number of headaches reported by participants in our twenty-year study. Recently, food-processing companies have found that salicylates can also be used as flavor additives for foods. With this new use for salicylates, we can expect a continued steady decline in the number of headaches suffered by the average citizen of Mentia."

  下面这段文字出自对Mentia居民头痛病研究的总结。

  水杨酸酯和用来治疗头痛的药物--阿司匹林是同一类化合物。尽管很多食品天然富含水杨酸酯,过去几十年中食品加工公司仍然在食品中加入它来作为防腐剂。这种水杨酸酯在商业上的使用被发现与我们为期20年研究的参加者所报告的头痛发病的平均数量下降是相关的。最近,食品加工公司发现水杨酸酯也可以被用作食品香料。根据这种水杨酸酯的新用途,我们可以预期Mentia居患头痛症的数量将会持续稳步下降。

  Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

  2. The following appeared in a letter to the editor of a local newspaper.55

  "Commuters complain that increased rush-hour traffic on Blue Highway between the suburbs and the city center has doubled their commuting time. The favored proposal of the motorists' lobby is to widen the highway, adding an additional lane of traffic. But last year's addition of a lane to the nearby Green Highway was followed by a worsening of traffic jams on it. A better alternative is to add a bicycle lane to Blue Highway. Many area residents are keen bicyclists. A bicycle lane would encourage them to use bicycles to commute, and so would reduce rush-hour traffic rather than fostering an increase."

  下面这段文字出自写给当地新闻编辑的一封信。

  Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

  3. The following appeared in the summary of a study on headaches suffered by the residents of Mentia.

  "Salicylates are members of the same chemical family as aspirin, a medicine used to treat headaches. Although many foods are naturally rich in salicylates, for the past several decades, food-processing companies have also been adding salicylates to foods as preservatives. This rise in the commercial use of salicylates has been found to correlate with a steady decline in the average number of headaches reported by participants in our twenty-year study. Recently, food-processing companies have found that salicylates can also be used as flavor additives for foods. With this new use for salicylates, we can expect a continued steady decline in the number of headaches suffered by the average citizen of Mentia."

  水杨酸酯和用来治疗头痛的药物--阿司匹林是同一类化合物。尽管很多食品天然富含水杨酸酯,过去几十年中食品加工公司仍然在食品中加入它来作为防腐剂。这种水杨酸酯在商业上的使用被发现与我们为期20年研究的参加者所报告的头痛发病的平均数量下降是相关的。最近,食品加工公司发现水杨酸酯也可以被用作食品香料。根据这种水杨酸酯的新用途,我们可以预期Mentia居患头痛症的数量将会持续稳步下降。

  Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

  4. The following appeared in an editorial in a local newspaper.

  "Commuters complain that increased rush-hour traffic on Blue Highway between the suburbs and the city center has doubled their commuting time. The favored proposal of the motorists' lobby is to widen the highway, adding an additional lane of traffic. Opponents note that last year's addition of a lane to the nearby Green Highway was followed by a worsening of traffic jams on it. Their suggested alternative proposal is adding a bicycle lane to Blue Highway. Many area residents are keen bicyclists. A bicycle lane would encourage them to use bicycles to commute, it is argued, thereby reducing rush-hour traffic."

  下面这段文字出自当地报纸的一篇社论。

  乘公交车上下班的人抱怨郊区和市中心之间的Blue Highway在高峰时段车辆日益增多,这使得他们的上下班时间增加了一倍。开汽车人的游说团最中意的方法是加宽路面,额外增加一个车道。反对者认为去年给附近的Green Highway增加了一个车道,但是交通拥堵更加严重了。他们给出的另一建议是给Blue Highway增加一个自行车道。很多居民非常喜欢骑自行车。增加一个自行车道会鼓励他们骑自行车上下班,这样就可以缓解高峰时段的交通拥堵。

  Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

  5. The following appeared as a recommendation by a committee planning a ten-year budget for the city of Calatrava.

  "The birthrate in our city is declining: in fact, last year's birthrate was only one-half that of five years ago. Thus the number of students enrolled in our public schools will soon decrease dramatically, and we can safely reduce the funds budgeted for education during the next decade. At the same time, we can reduce funding for athletic playing fields and other recreational facilities. As a result, we will have sufficient money to fund city facilities and programs used primarily by adults, since we can expect the adult population of the city to increase."

  下面这段文字出自Calatrava市十年预算规划委员会的建议书。

  我们市的出生率正在下降:事实上,去年的出生率仅是五年前的一半。因此公立学校的招生人数将会大幅下降,下一个十年我们可以放心的削减教育预算。同时,我们可以削减用于田径运动场和其他娱乐设施的资助。因此,我们将会有充足的资金来资助主要供成年人使用的设施和项目,因为我们可以预测成年人口将增加。

  Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

展开显示全文