Educational institutions have a responsibility to dissuade students from pursuing fields of study in which they are unlikely to succeed.
A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college.
Governments should offer a free university education to any student who has been admitted to a university but who cannot afford the tuition.
Claim: Universities should require every student to take a variety of courses outside the student's major field of study.
Reason: Acquiring knowledge of various academic disciplines is the best way to become truly educated.
Requiring university students to take a variety of courses outside their major fields of study is the best way to ensure that students become truly educated.
54 In order to become well-rounded individuals, all college students should be required to take courses in which they read poetry, novels, mythology, and other types of imaginative literature.
140 Some people believe that universities should require every student to take a variety of courses outside the student's field of study. Others believe that universities should not force students to take any courses other than those that will help prepare them for jobs in their chosen fields.
142 Claim: Colleges and universities should specify all required courses and eliminate elective courses in order to provide clear guidance for students.
Reason: College students—like people in general—prefer to follow directions rather than make their own decisions.
Educational institutions should actively encourage their students to choose fields of study that will prepare them for lucrative careers.
Some people believe that college students should consider only their own talents and interests when choosing a field of study. Others believe that college students should base their choice of a field of study on the availability of jobs in that field. 有些人认为大学生应该根据自己的才能和兴趣选择研究领域。也有人认为大学生应该选择那些容易找到工作的研究领域。
College students should be encouraged to pursue subjects that interest them rather than the courses that seem most likely to lead to jobs.
Some people believe that the purpose of education is to free the mind and the spirit.
Others believe that formal education tends to restrain our minds and spirits rather than set them free.
The best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones.
Teachers' salaries should be based on the academic performance of their students.
Claim: When planning courses, educators should take into account the interests and suggestions of their students.
Reason: Students are more motivated to learn when they are interested in what they are studying.
47 Educators should find out what students want included in the curriculum and then offer it to them.
Some people believe that competition for high grades motivates students to excel in the classroom. Others believe that such competition seriously limits the quality of real learning.
Claim: We can usually learn much more from people whose views we share than from those whose views contradict our own.
Reason: Disagreement can cause stress and inhibit learning.
34 In any situation, progress requires discussion among people who have contrasting points of view.
All parents should be required to volunteer time to their children's schools.
Colleges and universities should require their students to spend at least one semester studying in a foreign country.
37 Society should identify those children who have special talents and provide training for them at an early age to develop their talents.
42 Students should always question what they are taught instead of accepting it passively.
48 Educators should teach facts only after their students have studied the ideas, trends, and concepts that help explain those facts.
58 Learning is primarily a matter of personal discipline; students cannot be motivated by school or college alone.
73 Colleges and universities should require all faculty to spend time working outside the academic world in professions relevant to the courses they teach.
92 Educators should base their assessment of students' learning not on students' grasp of facts but on the ability to explain the ideas, trends, and concepts that those facts illustrate.
101 Although innovations such as video, computers, and the Internet seem to offer schools improved methods for instructing students, these technologies all too often distract from real learning.