Nations should pass laws to preserve any remaining wilderness areas in their natural state, even if these areas could be developed for economic gain.
119 When old buildings stand on ground that modern planners feel could be better used for modern purposes, modern development should be given precedence over the preservation of historic buildings.
28 / 113 / 120 / 121 / 127 / 145/94/147
The surest indicator of a great nation is represented not by the achievements of its rulers, artists, or scientists, but by the general welfare of its people.
120 Claim: The surest indicator of a great nation must be the achievements of its rulers, artists, or scientists.
Reason: Great achievements by a nation's rulers, artists, or scientists will ensure a good life for the majority of that nation's people.
94/147 The effectiveness of a country's leaders is best measured by examining the well-being of that country's citizens.
36 / 72
Governments should not fund any scientific research whose consequences are unclear.
23Governments should place few, if any, restrictions on scientific research and development.
50 / 86 / 115/114/16
Government officials should rely on their own judgment rather than unquestioningly carry out the will of the people they serve.
114 Any leader who is quickly and easily influenced by shifts in popular opinion will accomplish little.
16 Some people believe that in order to be effective, political leaders must yield to public opinion and abandon principle for the sake of compromise. Others believe that the most essential quality of an effective leader is the ability to remain consistently committed to particular principles and objectives.
74 / 133 / 134
Knowing about the past cannot help people to make important decisions today.
133 Claim: Knowing about the past cannot help people to make important decisions today.
Reason: The world today is significantly more complex than it was even in the relatively recent past.
80 / 88
Nations should suspend government funding for the arts when significant numbers of their citizens are hungry or unemployed.
88 Claim: Nations should suspend government funding for the arts when significant numbers of their citizens are hungry or unemployed.
Reason: It is inappropriate—and, perhaps, even cruel—to use public resources to fund the arts when people's basic needs are not being met.
104 / 107/62
To be an effective leader, a public official must maintain the highest ethical and moral standards.
62 Leaders are created by the demands that are placed on them.
Some people argue that successful leaders in government, industry, or other fields must be highly competitive. Other people claim that in order to be successful, a leader must be willing and able to cooperate with others.
123 The best way for a society to prepare its young people for leadership in government, industry, or other fields is by instilling in them a sense of cooperation, not competition.
4 Scandals are useful because they focus our attention on problems in ways that no speaker or reformer ever could.
19 Governments should focus on solving the immediate problems of today rather than on trying to solve the anticipated problems of the future.
57 The main benefit of the study of history is to dispel the illusion that people living now are significantly different from people who lived in earlier times.
60 Politicians should pursue common ground and reasonable consensus rather than elusive ideals.
69 Some people believe it is often necessary, even desirable, for political leaders to withhold information from the public. Others believe that the public has a right to be fully informed.
In any profession—business, politics, education, government—those in power should step down after five years.
139 Claim: Major policy decisions should always be left to politicians and other government experts.
Reason: Politicians and other government experts are more informed and thus have better judgment and perspective than do members of the general public.