自GRE改革以来,可以说填空部分的难度有所加大,新GRE填空,不仅要考查句子内部各部分之间的逻辑推理能力,还要考查句与句之间的逻辑推理能力。许多考生面对当下的情形总是不知所措,不晓得该如何进行备考,下面智课网小编为大家带来GRE填空备考相关内容,供考生参考与学习,在此预祝大家取得好成绩!

  例1:There has been much hand-writing about how unprepared American students are for college. Graff reverses this perspective, suggesting that colleges are unprepared for students. In his analysis, the university culture is largely (i)______ entering students because academic culture fails to make connections to the kinds of arguments and cultural references that students grasp. Understandably, many students view academic life as (ii)______ ritual.

  Blank (i)

  primed for

  opaque to

  essential for

  Blank (ii)

  an arcane

  a laudable

  painstaking

  此题两个空格是孤立的,可以分别通过与各自相关的逻辑关系来进行推断。空格(i)可以通过第一、二句话的描述来进行推断,同时也可以用 “because academic culture fails to make connections to the kinds of arguments and cultural references that students grasp”进行推断,表示的是对学生来说“unprepared”的意思,即负面的评价,所以答案为“opaque to”。同理,空格(ii)也要表明学生对学术生活“不理解”的态度,因此答案为“an arcane(known or knowable only to the initiate)”。

  例2:Most artists maintain an attitude of (i)______ toward their own work. They know, better than any critic would know, how their art (ii)______ their ambitions. The artist would demand of his admirer, Do you really think this is the best I am capable of? Henri Cartier-Bresson’s dismissal of his life’s work in photography, however, is (iii)______: it seems almost contempt, or even hatred, not just for his achievement but for the medium itself.

  Blank (i)

  extraordinary hubris

  irremediable disdain;

  healthy disrespect

  Blank (ii)

  falls far short of

  eventually transcends

  subtly realizes

  Blank (iii)

  entirely comprehension

  at another level altogether

  at odds with his achievement

  此题为包含三个空格,但是和例3不同的是它的空格不再是孤立的,而是存在相互的逻辑关系。首先从空格(ii)后的句子可以看出,艺术家对自己的能力是不确定的,是怀疑的,所以空格(ii)应该体现出对“ambitions”的不确信和怀疑,即负面动作。因此,空格(ii)答案为“falls far short of”。此时,空格(i)应该和空格(ii)体现同样的含义,即“对自己的能力缺乏信心”,因此“healthy disrespect”为正确答案。空格(iii)则是相对孤立的,由它前面的“however”可以看出,空格(iii)要体现和前面两个空格相对的含义,所以“at another level altogether”为正确答案。

  由上述两个例子可以看出,对于多空多选这样的题目类型,我们在处理的时候更需要关注逻辑关系,其中包括空格和已有成分的逻辑关系,以及空格与空格之间的逻辑关系。而这些逻辑关系可能通过某些连接词来体现,也可能通过语义场来体现。这一类型题目和现行的GRE填空题相比,更加注重对阅读和逻辑推理能力的测试,它需要考生对每个空格都进行判断和推理,而不会出现目前考试中有时候存在的两个空格只看一个就能解题的弊端。

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