在备战GRE考试中,有些考生不知道该如何进行备考,不知道该从哪些方面入手,就会导致东看西看,到最后时间全部都浪费掉了,为此智课网小编为大家专门准备了一些关于GRE备考资料相关内容,方便帮助考生进行备考。

  开头段

  首先,开头方式可以采取四种:直接陈述观点+概述理由;比较双方观点,阐明自己观点;背景开头+立场;提问+立场。下面我们逐一来看一下四种方式的具体例子。

  第一种:直接陈述观点+概述理由

  I agreewith the speaker's broad assertion that money spent on research is generallywell invested. However, the speaker unnecessarily extends this broad assertionto embrace research whose results are "controversial," while ignoringcertain compelling reasons why some types of research might be unjustifiable.My points of contention with the speaker involve the fundamental objectives andnature of research, as discussed below.

  例文中先支持原文观点:把钱话在研究上是很好的投资;然后转折:结果有争议的研究可以不包含在投资范围的;最后,引出下文要论述的理由。

  第二种:比较双方观点,阐明自己观点

  There ismuch debate over the universal issues whether or not tradition andmodernization are incompatible. Some people may claim that they necessarilyconflict with each other, while others argue that the two are not mutuallyexclusive. Insofar as I can think, the best way is to coordinate them and exerttheir own advantages for contemporary society.

  第一句改写题目,第二句比较两种立场,第三句提出自己的观点。这种开头比较简单易学,也是同学们比较常用的开头方式,需要注意的是在点明自己的观点的时候,最好把下文中要进行分层论证的关键词结合到句子里面,比如上述例子中的coordinate ;exert their own advantages,可以起到引领下文,令文章结构严谨的作用。

  第三种:背景开头+立场

  Explosivedevelopment of science and technology has been made during the past one hundredyears or so. When it comes to progress of the condition of humanity all overthe world, there are always a host of different opinions held by differentindividuals from different areas. Have, you may wonder, the technologydevelopments or innovations contributed to promoting our humanity? Admittedly,most people would consider that there are still so many troubles with us suchas poverty, violence, conflicts and even wars. However, as a whole effect ingeneral, technology progress has in fact, tend to lead to a significantpromotion of the overall condition of humanity in the world.

  第一步,先做背景引入,第二步提出自己的立场。这种开头方式的优点呢,是可以体现写作者的知识储备和语言水平,但是缺点是不如上述的两种方法简单易学,在做与题目相关的背景展开的时候容易落入俗套。所以,同学们在练习的时候需要选择适合自己的方法。

  第四种:提问+立场

  What arethe limits of our duty to save endangered species from extinction? Thestatement raises a variety of issues about morality, conscience,self-preservation, and economics. On balance, however, I fundamentally agreewith the notion that humans need not make "extraordinary" efforts--atthe expense of money and jobs--to ensure the preservation of any endangeredspecies.

  以问句的形式开头,然后表明自己立场的开头段可以体现出句式的变化,与传统的开头方式相比,比较有新意,想要尝试变化的同学可以多练习一下。

  结尾段

  接下来我们来看结尾段。Issue的结尾最大的作用就是起到结构完整的作用,加上答题时间有限,因此,结尾段不需要再花费额外的精力来提出新观点了,只需要对文章做一个结构上的总结就可以了。下面的2个结尾段的句式,同学们可以根据自己的喜好,将句子改写成自己的写作模板,切记对任何句子和范文不要原模原样照搬,防止发生雷同,造成成绩无效的严重后果。

  第一种:总结结论+总结理由的方法

  To sum up,given the reasons mentioned above, we may safely come to the conclusion that….not only because…, but also because…, but it depends on

  第二种:回顾题目立场+再次确认自己立场

  In sum, Iconcede that….Nonetheless, to some extent…, the speaker's claimoverrates/underrates the importance of sth…. In the final analysis, the optimalapproach, in my view, is a balanced one that ….

  另外,考生们在备考作文时,可以多借鉴北美范文,从中总结出自己的全文写作模板。所谓“台上一分钟,台下十年功”。以上为大家分享了GRE作文高分技巧。想要在GRE作文考试短短的30分钟取得理想的成绩,就需要各位考生在备考时肯下功夫,道阻且长,且学且珍惜。预祝考生在GRE考试中取得优异的分数。

  经典写作范例展示

  作文话题:The best way to teach is to praisepositive actions and ignore negative ones.

  Therecommendation presents a view that I would agree is successful most of thetime, but one that I cannot fully support due to the “all or nothing”impression it gives.

  Certainlyas an educator I agree fully that the best way to elicit positive response fromstudents is to make use of students’ positive energy and then encourage actionsthat you would like to see repeated. It is human nature that we all want to beaccepted and achieve on some level, and when people in authority providefeedback that we have done something well, the drive to repeat the action thatwas praised is bound to be particularly strong.

  Thisblanket statement would obviously pay dividends in situations in which ateacher desires to have students repeat particular behaviors. For example, ifan educator is attempting to teach students proper classroom etiquette, itwould be appropriate to openly praise a student who raises his or her hand whenwishing to speak or address the class. In such cases, the teacher may also helpshape positive behaviors by ignoring a student who is trying to interjectwithout approval from the teacher. In fact, the decision to ignore students whoare exhibiting inappropriate behaviors of this type could work very well inthis situation, as the stakes are not very high and the intended outcome canlikely be achieved by such a method. However, it is important to note here thatthis tactic would only be effective in such a “low-stakes” situation, as when astudent speaks without raising her hand first. As we will discuss below,ignoring a student who hits another student, or engages in more seriousmisbehaviors, would not be effective or prudent.

  To expandon this point, it is important for teachers to be careful when working with thesecond half of this statement, only ignoring negative actions that are notserious. Take for instance a student who is misbehaving just by chatting with afellow classmate. This student might not be presenting much of a problem andmay be simply seeking attention. Ignoring the student might, in fact, be thebest solution. Now assume the negative action is the improper administering ofchemicals in a science experiment or the bullying of a fellow student. Toignore these negative actions would be absurd and negligent. Now you areallowing a problem to persist, one that could potentially lead to much biggerand more dangerous issues. In a more serious situation, addressing the negativeactions quickly and properly could stop the problem it in its tracks. It is forreasons like this that I do not advocate the idea that a teacher can be successfulby simply ignoring negative actions.

  I do,however, greatly support the idea that the central focus of teaching should beto build on and encourage positive actions. However, the author’sall-encompasing statement leaves too many negative possibilities for theclassroom. Perhaps a better way to phrase this statement would be to say, “Thebest way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones thatare not debilitating to class efficiency or the safety of any individual”.

  Thus, in theoriginal statement, there are indeed some good intentions, and there could be alot of merit in adopting its basic principles. Data proves that positivesupport can substantially increase motivation and desire in students andcontribute to positive achievements. In fact, most studies of teaching efficacyindicate that praising positive actions and ignoring negative ones can create amore stable and efficient classroom. It needs to be stressed, however, thatthis tool is only effective at certain levels of misbehavior. As mentionedabove, when the behavior is precipitated by feelings of revenge, power or totalself-worthlessness, this methodology will likely not work. It is likely to bevery successful, however, when the drive behind the misbehavior is simpleattention seeking. In many of these instances, if the teacher demonstratesclearly that inappropriate behavior does not result in the gaining ofattention, students are more likely to seek attention by behaving properly.Should the student choose this path, then the ignoring has worked and when thepositive behavior is exhibited, then the teacher can utilize the first part ofthe theory and support or praise this behavior. Now it is much more likely tobe repeated. If the student does not choose this path and instead elects toraise the actions to a higher level that presents a more serious issue, thenignorance alone cannot work and other methods must be employed.

  Inconclusion, one can appreciate the credo expressed in this instance, but surelywe all can see the potential error of following it through to the extreme.

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“GRE写作模板Issue”,希望能帮助到大家,要想了解更多关于GRE考试相关内容,请及时关注智课网。

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