归纳题

标志词:conclusion;inferred;implied;supported;if above true, then it is also true。

需要指出的是,support不仅仅用于归纳法。举例来说,归纳法的表达应为:Which of the following are supported by the argument above?如果换个说法就可以变成加强题型的表述:Which of the following support the argument above?所以在GMAT逻辑解题的时候要格外小心。

演绎题

1. 第一种文章:前提推结论型

A. 假设题:

标志词:assume;assumption;presuppose (特指对于前提的假设);additional premise;not true unless;depend on;rely on.

B. 加强题:

标志词:support(注意和归纳题目的区分);strengthen, conclusion can be drawn if it were true that.

C. 削弱题:

标志词:weaken;cast doubt;argue;against;damage;counter;challenge;flaw;refute;jeopardize;criticism;undermine;drawback;reasoning error;weakness. (其中flaw,criticism,reasoning error和weakness属于名词性的削弱)。

D. 评价题:

标志词:evaluate,appraisal(根据加强题做)

2. 第二种GMAT考试文章:因果结构

标志词:A is due to B;A is attribute to B;A is result of B;blame B on/for A;B is responsible for A;credit A to B.

问题中的标志词:explanation;interpretation;hypothesis.

3.第三种文章:“变态结构”(表面上仍然是前提推出结论的结构,实质为因果结构,即结论是前提的解释)。此类文章没有与众不同的标志词,需要考生在实战时分析判断。

以上就是小编整理汇总的GMAT逻辑常见标志性词汇,希望能够给各位考生提供一些参考帮助,祝大家都能顺利做好GMAT逻辑题的备考工作。

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