GMAT阅读在GMAT语文部分算是比较难的题型,考生要想在这部分拿到高分一定要在备考的过程中加强对GMAT阅读的练习,接下来小编为大家提供一次练习的机会,本文小编将为大家带来GMAT GWD阅读改版综合解析第十六部分。

  (The following is excerpted from material written in 1992.)

  Many researchers regard Thailand’s recent economic growth, as reflected by its gross domestic product (GDP) growth rates, as an example of the success of a modern technological development strategy based on the market economics of industrialized countries. Yet by focusing solely on aggregate economic growth data as the measure of Thailand’s development, these researchers have overlooked the economic impact of rural development projects that improve people’s daily lives at the village level—such as the cooperative raising of water buffalo, improved sanitation, and the development of food crops both for consumption and for sale at local markets; such projects are not adequately reflected in the country’s GDP. These researchers, influenced by Robert Heilbroner’s now outdated development theory, tend to view nontechnological development as an obstacle to progress. Heilbroner’s theory has become doctrine in some economics textbooks: for example, Monte Palmer disparages nontechnological rural development projects as inhibiting constructive change. Yet as Ann Kelleher’s two recent case studies of the Thai villages Non Muang and Dong Keng illustrate, the nontechnological-versus-technological dichotomy can lead researchers not only to overlook real advances achieved by rural development projects but also mistakenly to conclude that because such advances are initiated by rural leaders and are based on traditional values and practices, they retard “real” economic development.


  The primary purpose of the passage is to

  A. explain the true reasons for the increase in Thailand’s GDP

  B. argue for the adoption of certain rural development projects

  C. question the value of technological development in Thailand

  D. criticize certain assumptions about economic development in Thailand

  E. compare traditional and modern development strategies in Thailand


  It can be inferred from the passage that the term “real” in line 36 most likely refers to economic development that is

  A. based on a technological development strategy

  B. not necessarily favored by most researchers

  C. initiated by rural leader

  D. a reflection of traditional values and practices

  E. difficult to measure statistically


  The author of the passage cites the work of Palmer in order to give an example of

  A. a recent case study of rural development projects in Thai villages

  B. current research that has attempted to reassess Thailand’s economic development

  C. an economics textbook that views nontechnological development as an obstacle to progress

  D. the prevalence of the view that regards nontechnological development as beneficial but inefficient

  E. a portrayal of nontechnological development projects as promoting constructive change