Patient: Doctor, I read an article that claimed that the first few hours after birth are very important to establishing a mother-infant bond, which is the first step in building a healthy relationship. Can you assure me that my relationship with my baby has not been permanently harmed by our separation for several days after his birth?
Physician: Your relationship with your child has not been harmed by the separation. Mother-infant bonding is not like an “instant glue” that cements your relationship forever. Having your infant with you during the period immediately after birth does give your relationship a head start, but many factors are involved in building a strong and lasting relationship between a mother and her child.
5. If everything the doctor says is correct, which one of the following must be true?
(A) The best relationships between mothers and their children are caused by immediate mother-infant bonding.
(B) There is a high degree of correlation between the best relationships between mothers and their children and those that began with immediate mother-infant bonding.
(C) A strong and lasting relationship is necessary for mother-infant bonding.
(D) Where immediate mother-infant bonding takes place, a strong and lasting relationship between a mother and her child will be assured.
(E) Immediate mother-infant bonding is not necessary for a strong and lasting relationship between a mother and her child.
6. The doctor does which one of the following in her reply to her patient?
(A) She rejects an analogy in an attempt to reduce the patient’s concern.
(B) She cites evidence to show that the patient’s worry is unfounded.
(C) She misinterprets the patient’s explanation of her concern.
(D) She establishes that the article that the patient read was in error.
(E) She names other factors that are more important in creating a mother-infant bond.
7. A recent survey showed that many workers in a certain company are dissatisfied with their jobs. The survey also showed that most of the dissatisfied workers believe that they have little control over their job assignments. Therefore, to increase workers job satisfaction the company’s management need only concentrate on changing workers’ beliefs regarding the degree of control they have over their job assignments.
Which one of the following, if also shown by the survey, would most seriously call into question the conclusion made by the author of the passage?
(A) The dissatisfied workers feel that their wages are too low and working conditions are unsatisfactory.
(B) The number of workers in the company who are satisfied with their jobs is greater than the number who are dissatisfied.
(C) The workers in the company are more dissatisfied than workers in other companies.
(D) Most people in company management believe that the workers already have too much control over their work.
(E) The workers in the company who are satisfied with their jobs believe that they have a lot of control over their job assignments.
8. Dr. Sheila Porter plans to run an experiment using nursing students. Each student will be shown either a pleasant nature film or a disturbing horror film. Each student will be observed by someone who—looking only at the student’s facial expressions—must ascertain which film is being shown. Students shown the horror movie are told to hide their feelings in order to convince the observer that they are watching a pleasant film. Dr. Porter hypothesizes that all the students in the experiment who are convincing will be among the best at working with patients. The hypothesis will be tested by comparing the convincing students and unconvincing students in terms of their performance with patents.
Which one of the following incidents best illustrates Dr. Porter’s hypothesis?
(A) Niles, the most convincing student in the experiment, later went on to become a physician.
(B) After graduating, Yoshiro, a nursing student who was convincing in the experiment, helped care for Bram, a patient at a hospital. Bram recovered from his operation.
(C) After graduating, Kim, a nursing student in the experiment who watched the nature film, was removed from the staff of a hospital for unacceptable performance in patient care.
(D) Daria, a nursing student who was convincing in the experiment, later received “A’s” in those classes in which working with patients in a teaching hospital was the sole basis of her grades.
(E) Marite, a nursing student who was not convincing in the experiment, later quit nursing school.
9. Those who think with a hierarchical mentality strive for situations in which their side is dominant and the other side is submissive. In contrast, communal thinkers strive for parity among all sides. Therefore, achieving parity of nuclear weaponry between the East and the West is not enough for Western military generals.
Which one of the following assumptions would provide the most support for the conclusion above?
(A) Western military generals do not have the same mentality as do Eastern military generals.
(B) Parity in nuclear weaponry requires that military generals from both the East and the West think in communal terms.
(C) Western military generals want parity with respect to strength in nuclear weaponry between the East and the West.
(D) Western military generals’ thinking about relative strength in nuclear weaponry is hierarchical.
(E) The thinking of military generals with respect to relative strength in nuclear weaponry is either hierarchical or communal.
10. It has always been difficult to understand the basis of politics in the People’s Republic of China. Because the system is effectively closed, it is impossible to know with any degree of confidence who is allied with whom and for what reasons. Yet Chinese politics does exhibit many of the external characteristics of factional political systems, as found in more open societies. It is legitimate to conclude, therefore, that China has a factional political system.
Which one of the following, if true, would confirm the author’s conclusion that China has a factional political system?
(A) All open political systems are factional political systems.
(B) All factional political systems are closed political systems.
(C) All closed political systems are factional political systems.
(D) China’s political system is more open than many existing factional political systems.
(E) China’s political system is more closed than all existing factional political systems.