Recently there is a debate over whether….Different people hold different views because of their distinct background. Some people assert that…, while other people believe that….As a matter of fact, the issue of whether…is a complex and controversial one. Therefore there is not a universal answer, and whether one choice takes precedence over the other depends on specific situation. Actually the final judgment should rely on a case-by-case analysis. As far as I am concerned, I agree that, and do not agree that. My view can be greatly substantiated by the following discussions.
In the first place, the important reason that can be presented to develop my position is that…… A good example may be found in the case that…… Under this circumstance, it is obvious that….
In addition, there is another reason for me to choose this statement. The reason is not so far to seek…… To illustrate, let us consider that ……Hence another equally important aspect is that……
Admittedly, it may be true that …… , in some conditions. However, this alone does not constitute a sufficient support to claim that……Actually, these cases are rare and therefore are too specific and too weak to strengthen the view that….
When the advantages and disadvantages of X and Y are carefully examined, the most striking conclusion is obvious that……
To sum up, due to the above mentioned reasons, which sometimes correlate with each other to generate an integral whole and thus become more convincing than any single one of them, we may be comfortable to say that……, because ……
Making money is not an end in or of itself, but rather a means of obtaining material goods and services and of attaining other important goals, such as providing securities for oneself and one’s family, lifelong learning, freedom to travel or the pursuit of hobbies.
As we all know, the first thing that any one should do on earth is to sustain the minimal material required by survivance. Without adequate profit out of investment, any individuals or organizations can not obtain the required minimal material, and therefore cannot make a living.
Furthermore, in the economic and fiercely competitive world, individuals and organizations cannot be satisfied with what they have already achieved. To survive better, they have to strive for further success, for great development, and hence for greater profit.
Human motivations are far too complex. Many of our daily decision rest on love sympathy, humanity and other things.
A business enters to an implied contract with the community in which it operates, under which the community permits the business to do business in it while the business implicitly promises to benefit the community rather than do harm to it.
In pursuit of profits, a business can indeed benefit the community in which it operates by ways of providing jobs, low-priced products and economic growth.
In this argument, the author concludes that… To support his conclusion, the author points out that…. In addition, the author reasons that… Further more, he also assumes that … . At first glance, the author’s argument appears to be somehow appealing, while a close examination will reveal how groundless it is. We do not have to look very far to see the invalidity of this argument. This argument is problematic for the following reasons.
In the first place, this argument rests on a gratuitous assumption that …. However, the assumption is questionable because the author provides no evidence to support this argument. The arguer fails to take into account other facts that might contribute to the result that …….. It is likely that , ……………..; it is also likely that ………………………… Any of these scenarios, if true, would show that ………………Therefore, this argument in question nee not to be accepted without ruling out such possibility.
In the second place, the argument commits a logic fallacy of “after this and therefore because of this”. In no case can the mere fact that… be cited as evidence to support the assumption that there is a causal-effect relationship between Aand B. Moreover, that just because B can be statistically correlated with A does not necessarily mean that A is the cause of B. In fact, the author has obviously neglected the possibility of other alternative facts such as…, or … may contribute to a certain extent to B. It may be only a coincidence that …… . Unless the author can rule out other factors relevant to …, this assumption in question can not be accepted.
In the third place, the evidence that the author provides is insufficient to support the conclusion drawn from it. One example is rarely sufficient to establish a general conclusion. Unless the arguer can show that A1 is representative of allA, the conclusion that B… is completely unwarranted. In fact, in face of such limited evidence, it is fallacious to draw any conclusion at all.
In the fourth place, the argument has also committed a false analogy fallacy. The argument rests on the assumption that A is analogous to B in all respects, and the author assumes without justification that all things are equal, and that the background conditions have remained the same at different times or at different locations. No evidence is provided to support this assumption. However there are all kinds of important differences between ……. and other …making the analogy highly less than valid. For example, A..., however, B....Thus lacking this assumption, the conclusion that … is entirely unfounded.
Last but no least, the validity of the survey on which the argument relies is doubtful in itself. The survey cited by the author is too vague to be informative.
The claim does not indicate who conducted this survey and when and how the survey is conducted, neither does it mention what is the sample size, or how the samples are selected. Until these questions are answered the results of this survey are worthless as evidence to support that….
Besides, the author assumes that A and B are mutually exclusive alternatives and there is no room for a middle ground. However, the author has never offered any reasons or evidences for imposing an either-or choice. Common sense and observation tells us that adjoining both A and B might produce better results.
In conclusion, the arguer fails to substantiate his claim that …. Because the evidence cited in the analysis is too weak to lend strong support to what the arguer claims. To strengthen the argument, the arguer must convince us that…. In addition, the arguer could have to provide more precise information to support his claim.
In conclusion, it is imprudent for … to … solely on the basis of the evidence presented. Because the evidence cited in the analysis is too weak to lend strong support to what the arguer claims. To make the argument more convincing, the arguer should provide more substantial evidence concerning that…Moreover, I would suspend my judgment about the credibility of the recommendation(conclusion) until the arguer could provide all concrete evidence to rule out all the above possibilities that I analyzed.
In conclusion, the survey on which the argument relies lacks credibility and therefore does not lend strong support to the conclusion that…To strengthen the argument, the arguer must convince us that…. Moreover, I would suspend my judgment about the credibility of the recommendation(conclusion) until the arguer could provide all concrete evidence to rule out all the above possibilities that I analyzed.