英文解释： noun: a clever plan to turn a situation to one's advantage
例句： Dennis arranged an elaborate ploy, involving 14 different people lying for him in different situations, so that it could appear that he was meeting Mary completely by chance at the wedding reception.
英文解释： adjective: marked by courage and determination
例句： Some scouts initially doubted Pedroia because of his short stature, but he is a plucky player, surprising everyone with his boundless energy and fierce determination.
英文解释： adjective: emotionally touching
例句： After the Montagues and Capulets discover the dead bodies of Romeo and Juliet, in the play's most poignant moment, the two griefstricken familes agree to end their feud once and for all.
英文解释： noun: a strong verbal or written attack on someone or something.
例句： The professor launched into a polemic, claiming that Freudian theory was a pack of lies that absolutely destroyed European literary theory.
英文解释： adjective: extremely optimistic
例句： Even in the midst of a lousy sales quarter, Debbie remained Pollyannaish, never losing her shrill voice and wide smile, even when prospective customers hung up on her.
英文解释： adjective: weighed-down; moving slowly
例句： Laden with 20 kilograms of college text books, the freshman moved ponderously across the campus.
英文解释： verb: talk in a dogmatic and pompous manner
例句： The vice-president would often pontificate about economic theory, as if no one else in the room were qualified to speak on the topic.
英文解释： adjective: ominously prophetic
例句： When the captain and more than half the officers were sick on the very first night of the voyage, many of the passengers felt this was portentous, but the rest of the voyage continued without any problems.
英文解释： verb: assume as fact
例句： Initially, Einstein posited a repulsive force to balance Gravity, but then rejected that idea as a blunder.
英文解释： noun: an informal meeting or discussion
例句： Before the team takes the field, the coach always calls for a powwow so that he can make sure all the players are mentally in the right place.