英文解释： adjective: complete and wholly (usually modifying a noun with negative connotation)
例句： An arrant fool, Lawrence surprised nobody when he lost all his money in a pyramid scheme that was every bit as transparent as it was corrupt.
英文解释： noun: a person who has recently reached a position of power; a social climber
例句： The city center was aflutter with arrivistes who each tried to outdo one another with their ostentatious sports cars and chic evening dress.
英文解释： verb: seize and control without authority
例句： Arriving at the small town, the outlaw arrogated the privileges of a lord, asking the frightened citizens to provide food, drink, and entertainment.
英文解释： "adjective: exhibiting artistic skill;
adjective: clever in a cunning way"
例句： "Picasso is generally considered the most artful member of the Cubist movement.;
Bernie Madoff's artful Ponzi scheme stole billions of dollars from investors and is considered the largest financial fraud in U.S. history."
英文解释： noun: cunning tricks used to deceive others
例句： The mayoral candidates both spent much of the campaign accusing each other of artifices designed to mislead the voting public.
英文解释： adjective: without cunning or deceit
例句： Despite the president's seemingly artless speeches, he was a skilled and ruthless negotiator.
英文解释： noun: the quality of innocence
例句： I, personally, found the artlessness of her speech charming.
英文解释： noun: the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
例句： The ascendancy of the Carlsbad water polo team is clear—they have a decade of championships behind them.
英文解释： "adjective: practicing self-denial
noun: one who practices great self-denial"
例句： "His ascetic life is the main reason he inspired so many followers, especially since he gave up wealth and power to live in poverty.
Historically, ascetics like Ghandi are often considered wise men partially because of their restraint."
英文解释： verb: attribute or credit to
例句： History ascribes The Odyssey and The Iliad to Homer, but scholars now debate whether he was a historical figure or a fictitious name.