英文解释： adjective: morose or gloomy
例句： Deprived of sunlight, humans become saturnine; that’s why in very northerly territories people are encouraged to sit under an extremely powerful lamp, lest they become morose.
英文解释： "noun: a perceptive understanding
verb: get the meaning of something
adjective: well-informed or perceptive"
例句： "Although a great CEO, he did not have the political savvy to win the election.
The student savvies the meaning of astrophysics with little effort.
With his savvy business partner, the company was able to turn a profit within a year."
英文解释： noun: joy from watching the suffering of others
例句： From his warm apartment window, Stanley reveled in schadenfreude as he laughed at the figures below, huddled together in the arctic chill.
英文解释： adjective: describes someone who is brilliant and lively
例句： Richard Feynman was renowned for his scintillating lectures—the arcana of quantum physics was made lucid as he wrote animatedly on the chalkboard.
英文解释： noun: an abusive rant (often tedious)
例句： Joey had difficulty hanging out with his former best friend Perry, who, during his entire cup of coffee, enumerated all of the government’s deficiencies--only to break ranks and launch into some screed against big business.
英文解释： "adjective: characterized by extreme care and great effort
adjective: having a sense of right and wrong; principled"
例句： "Because of his scrupulous nature, Mary put him in charge of numbering and cataloging the entire collection of rare stamps.
Everyone trusted what he said and followed his example because he was scrupulous and honest."
英文解释： adjective: done diligently and carefully
例句： An avid numismatist, Harold sedulously amassed a collection of coins from over 100 countries—an endeavor that took over fifteen years, and to five continents.
英文解释： adjective: reluctant to draw attention to yourself
例句： The most admirable teachers and respected leaders are those who are self-effacing, directing attention and praise to their students and workers.
英文解释： noun: an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading
例句： While the banker maintained a semblance of respectability in public, those who knew him well were familiar with his many crimes.
英文解释： adjective: to be moralizing, usually in a pompous sense
例句： The old man, casting his nose up in the air at the group of adolescents, intoned sententiously, “Youth is wasted on the young.”