英文解释： "noun: to indicate smallness
adjective: very small"
例句： "He prefers to be called a diminutive of his name: ""Bill"" instead of ""John William.""
When he put on his father's suit and shoes, his appearance was that of a diminutive youth."
英文解释： verb: to persuade somebody that his/her belief is not valid
例句： As a child, I was quickly disabused of the notion that Santa Claus was a rotund benefactor of infinite largess—one night I saw my mother diligently wrapping presents and storing them under our Christmas tree.
英文解释： adjective: discontented as toward authority
例句： After watching his superior take rations from the soliders, he quickly became disaffected and rebeled.
英文解释： noun: lack of agreement or harmony
例句： Despite all their talented players, the team was filled with discord--some players refused to talk to others--and lost most of their games.
英文解释： adjective: careful to protect one's speech or actions in order to avoid offense or gain an advantage
例句： The professor thought that he was discreet, subtly wiping the stain off of his shirt, but as soon as he stepped off the podium a member of the audience pointed out the large ketchup stain.
英文解释： adjective: constituting a separate entity or part
例句： What was once known as Czechoslovakia has since split into two discrete, independent nations.
英文解释： verb: recognize or perceive the difference
例句： Sarah couldn't discriminate between a good wine and a bad wine, so she avoided wine tastings.
英文解释： adjective: (of e.g. speech and writing) tending to depart from the main point
例句： Many readers find it tough to read Moby Dick since the author is discursive, often cutting the action short to spend 20 pages on the history of a whale.
英文解释： verb: deprive of voting rights
例句： The U.S. Constitution disenfranchised women until 1920 when they were given the right to vote.
英文解释： adjective: made less hopeful or enthusiastic
例句： After the visiting team scored nine times, the home team's fans were disheartened, some leaving the game early.