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SYMBOL MEANING

=　　　is equal to

≠ 　　is not equal to

≈ 　　is approximately equal to

> 　　is greater than

≥ 　　is greater than or equal to

< 　　is less than

≤ 　　is less than or equal to

square root

0.8 the repeating decimal 0.888…

r s’t” r degrees s minutes t seconds

∠　　　angle

right　angle

┻ 　　is perpendicular

│x│ 　absolute value of x

∥ 　　is parallel to

△ 　　triangle

～ 　　is similar to

≌ 　　is congruent to

△x 　　delta x

AB 　　arc 　AB

π 　　pi(3.1415…)

1.is equal to; is the same as

=

the result is; yields; gives

2.the sum of x and y; the total of x and y;

x added to y; x increased by y; 　　　　　　　　　x+y

x more then y; x greater than y

3.x minus y; x less y;

the difference of x and y; x take away y;

from x subtract y’ x decreased by y; 　　　　　　　　x-y

x diminished by y; y is subtracted from x;

y less than x (note the reversal)

4.　x multiplied by y;

xy

the product of x and y;

5. divided by y;

the quotient of x and y;　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　 x y,

y divided into x (note the reversal)

6.　A and B are factors of C;

A and B are divisors of C;

C is divisible by A and by B; 　　　　　　　　　　　A B=C

C is a multiple of A and of B;

A divides C and B divides C;

7. the ratio of a to b 　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　a:b,

8. reciprocal of　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　 x

9. x times as many z as y; 　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　z=x y

10.　a squared;

a to the second power 　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　a2

11. a cubed;　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　 a3

a to the third power

12. between a and b　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　 (a,b)

between a and b, inclusive 　　　　　　　　　　　　[a,b]

13. off 　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　低于，从……中扣除

14. account for 　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　　占

15. third

16. of x (a fraction of x);　　　　　　　　　　　　　 x,0.75x

75% of x (a percent of x)

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