英文解释： noun: a socially awkward or tactless act
例句： Mother Anna was always on guard against any solecism from her children and scolded them immediately if any of them talked out of place in public.
英文解释： adjective: showing hovering attentiveness
例句： Our neighbors are constantly knocking on our door to make sure we are ok, and I don't know how to ask them to stop being so solicitous about our health.
英文解释： noun: a feeling of excessive concern
例句： I walked to his house in the rain to make sure he had enough to eat while he was sick, but he seemed not to appreciate my solicitude.
英文解释： adjective: inducing mental lethargy; sleep inducing
例句： Although the professor is brilliant, his bland monotone gives his lectures a soporific effect.
英文解释： adjective: involving ignoble actions and motives; arousing moral distaste and contempt; foul and run-down and repulsive
例句： The nightly news simply announced that the senator had had an affair, but the tabloid published all the sordid details of the interaction.
英文解释： adjective: unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment; practicing great self-denial
例句： After losing everything in a fire, Tim decided to live in spartan conditions, sleeping on the floor and owning as little furniture as a possible.
英文解释： "adjective: based on pretense; deceptively pleasing
adjective: plausible but false"
例句： "Almost every image on TV is specious and not to be trusted.
He made a career out of specious arguments and fictional lab results, but lost his job and reputation when his lies were exposed by an article in The New York Times."
英文解释： noun: one who spends money extravagantly
例句： Taking weekly trips to Vegas, Megan was a spendthrift whose excesses eventually caught up to her.
英文解释： adjective: very irritable
例句： Ever since the car accident, Frank has been unable to walk without a cane, and so he has become splenetic and unpleasant to be around.
英文解释： adjective: recurring in scattered and irregular or unpredictable instances
例句： The signals were at first sporadic, but now we detect a clear, consistent pattern of electromagnetic radiation eminating from deep space.