英文解释： adjective: felt or undergone as if one were taking part in the experience or feelings of another
例句： The advent of twitter is a celebrity stalker's dream, as he or she can—through hundreds of intimate "tweets"—vicariously live the life of a famous person.
英文解释： noun: change in one’s circumstances, usually for the worse
例句： Even great rulers have their vicissitudes—massive kingdoms have diminished overnight, and once beloved kings have faced the scorn of angry masses.
英文解释： verb: compete for something
例句： While the other teams in the division actively vie for the championship, this team seems content simply to go through the motions of playing.
英文解释： verb: spread negative information about
例句： Todd was noble after the divorce, choosing to say only complimentary things about Barbara, but Barbara did not hesitate to vilify Todd.
英文解释： verb: to clear of accusation, blame, suspicion, or doubt with supporting arguments or proof
例句： Even seven Tour de France wins cannot vindicate Lance Armstrong in the eyes of the public--that the athlete used performance enhancing drugs invalidates all those wins.
英文解释： adjective: to have a very strong desire for revenge
例句： Though the other girl had only lightly poked fun of Vanessa's choice in attire, Vanessa was so vindictive that she waited for an entire semester to get the perfect revenge.
英文解释： noun: an ill-tempered or violent woman
例句： Poor Billy was the victim of the virago’s invective—she railed at him for a good 30-minutes about how he is the scum of the earth for speaking loudly on his cellphone in public.
英文解释： noun: abusive or venomous language used to express blame or bitter deep-seated ill will
例句： His vitriol spewed forth from a deep-seated racism that consumed his whole life.
英文解释： adjective: harsh or corrosive in tone
例句： While the teacher was more moderate in her criticism of the other student's papers, she was vitriolic toward Peter's paper, casting every flaw in the harshest light.
英文解释： adjective: to criticize harshly; to berate
例句： Jason had dealt with disciplinarians before, but nothing prepared him for the first week of boot camp, as drill sergeants vituperated him for petty oversights such as forgetting to double knot the laces on his boots.