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  1. 一般不用被动语态的动词或动词短语

  lead, cause, enable, become, receive, visit, visit, lack, enter, cost, possess, resemble, last, like, enjoy, notice, watch, look at, listen to, pay attention to, suit, fit, contain, so as to do, be able to, be likely to do

  2. 既可以用主动语态也可以用被动语态的动词

  change, close, determine, end, finish, head, interest, issue, open, train

  sth. be aimed at doing; sb aim to do sth

  sth be intended to do sth; sb intend to do sth

  sth be targeted at sth; sb target sth

  3. 直接加-ing分词作宾语的动词或动词短语

  - acknowledge, avoid, admit, enjoy, escape, suggest, assure, advocate, forbid, permit, favor, recommend, resist, risk, involve, deny, include

  - give up, credit to (把...计入...), aim to (目的在于), contribute to (导致), in contrast to (和...相反), be suppose to (??? be supposed to do), object to (反对), be opposed to (反对), amount to (等于), be exposed / committed / limited / devoted to, lead to, be educated to, be / become accustomed / used to

  - aid sb in doing, prevent / keep / prohibit / save sb from doing, accuse sb. of doing

  - be expert at, be good at, criticize... for, praise...for, be capable of, be busy, have difficulty (in), have trouble (in)

  - propose doing

  4. 接不定式作宾语的动词,指不定式的动作往往与谓语动词的动作同时发生

  afford, agree, appear / seem, arrange, choose, claim, come (逐渐), elect, endeavor, expect, fail, promise, refuse, seek, select, threaten, venture, offer, prefer

  5. 不定式作宾语补余

  动词 (advise, allow, cause, compel, enable, invite, inspire, convince, expect, lead, require, use, order) + 名词短语 + 不定式

  6. 平行结构标志词

  - 连词: and, or, but, yet

  - 短语: rather than..., not only...but also..., from...to..., either... or..., neither...nor..., between...and..., both...and..., not...but rather..., not...but...,...as well as...

  7. 省略to的不定式

  - 动词 (see, watch, notice, spot, hear, observe, perceive, overhead, feel, smell, let, make) + N. / Prep. + do

  - make do (with / without) 凑合着做... , make believe 假装 (pretend)

  - help (to) do...

  8. 比较结构中的习惯搭配

  - as + adj. + a/an + n. + as... : 例句. Exercising is as good a way as any to lose unwanted weight

  - more because... than because 更多是因为...而不是因为...

  - not... so much A as B 与其说A倒不如说B

  - the more... the more... 倒装结构,be 动词常可省略

  - no more... than; no more than 与...同样不..

  - no less... than. no less than 与...一样

  - verb. + more of / less of than 这里more和less做副词修饰 verb, 指程度更大或者更小

  - 其他可以引出比较结构的词语:compared with, below, above, superior to

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