英文解释： noun: the quality of being honest and straightforward in attitude and speech
例句： Although I was unhappy that the relationship ended, I appreciated her candidness about why she was ready to move on from the relationship.
英文解释： noun noun: the amount or volume something can hold ability (especially mental)
例句： "The hotel is full to maximum capacity; there are no empty rooms.
Few birds have the capacity to recognize themselves when looking in a mirror; most act as though there is a second bird behind the glass."
英文解释： noun: to surrender (usually under agreed conditions)
例句： Paul, losing 19-0 in a ping-pong match against his nimble friend, basically capitulated when he played the last two points with his eyes closed.
英文解释： adjective: determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason
例句： Nearly every month our capricious CEO had a new plan to turn the company around, and none of them worked because we never gave them the time they needed to succeed.
英文解释： adjective: of primary importance; fundamental
例句： Most cultures consider gambling a cardinal sin and thus have outlawed its practice.
英文解释： adjective: persistently petty and unjustified criticism
例句： What seemed like incessant nagging and carping about my behavior from my mother turned out to be wise and useful advice that has served me well.
英文解释： verb: to reprimand harshly
例句： Drill sergeants are known to castigate new recruits so mercilessly that the latter often break down during their first week in training.
英文解释： noun: an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
例句： The introduction of smallpox was a cataclysm for Native Americans, killing off more than half of their population.
英文解释： noun: something that speeds up an event
例句： Rosa Park’s refusal to give up her bus seat acted as a catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement, setting into motion historic changes for African-Americans.
英文解释： adjective: of broad scope; universal
例句： Jonah’s friends said that Jonah’s taste in music was eclectic; Jonah was quick to point out that not only was his taste eclectic but it was also catholic: he enjoyed music from countries as far-flung as Mali and Mongolia.