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  以下例子均取自OG.

  A. 对于政府法令的限制修饰(注意不是定语从句), 用现在分词.

  100. Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings.

  (A) prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings

  (B) prohibiting that landfills accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings

  (C) prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings

  (D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills(C)

  (E) that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings

  Prohibiting 限制修饰bans

  178. In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have risen dramatically.

  (A) sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have

  (B) sentences, performing specific jobs that benefit the public while being allowed to remain unconfined, have

  (C) sentences, performing specific jobs beneficial to the public while they are allowed to remain unconfined, have

  (D) sentences which allow them to remain unconfined in their performing of specific jobs beneficial to the public has

  (E) sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public has

  Allowing限制修饰sentences

  在这里必须要注意: 我说的是限制修饰, 而非宾语从句.

  130. In a 5-to-4 decision, the Supreme Court ruled that two upstate New York counties owed restitution to three tribes of Oneida Indians for the unlawful seizure of their ancestral lands in the eighteenth century.

  (A) that two upstate New York counties owed restitution to three tribes of Oneida Indians for the unlawful seizure of

  (B) that two upstate New York counties owed restitution to three tribes of Oneida Indians because of their unlawful seizure of

  (C) two upstate New York counties to owe restitution to three tribes of Oneida Indians for their unlawful seizure of

  (D) on two upstate New York counties that owed restitution to three tribes of Oneida Indians because they unlawfully seized(A)

  (E) on the restitution that two upstate New York counties owed to three tribes of Oneida Indians for the unlawful seizure of

  这题的正确答案是A. rule后面that引导的是宾语从句(rule虽然是政府法令, 但它是动词), 而非限制性定语从句. 不要混淆.

  B. 分词比从句简洁, 但分词有局限性: 不能跳跃修饰.

  178. In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have risen dramatically.

  (A) sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have

  (B) sentences, performing specific jobs that benefit the public while being allowed to remain unconfined, have

  (C) sentences, performing specific jobs beneficial to the public while they are allowed to remain unconfined, have

  (D) sentences which allow them to remain unconfined in their performing of specific jobs beneficial to the public has(E)

  (E) sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public has

  In B and C the verb phrases (performing... ) do not clearly modify criminals, because another noun (sentences) intrudes, ...

  而定语从句可以跳跃修饰, 也可以就近, 关键看逻辑意思.

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“GMAT语法知识:限定性修饰”,希望可以帮助到大家,小编在此预祝大家在考试中取得好成绩!

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