英文解释： adjective: acutely insightful and wise
例句： Many modern observers regard Eisenhower as perspicacious, particularly in his accurate prediction of the growth of the military.
英文解释： adjective: having precise or logical relevance to the matter at hand
例句： While the salaries of the players might draw attention in the media, such monetary figures are not pertinent to the question of who plays the best on the field.
英文解释： verb: disturb in mind or cause to be worried or alarmed
例句： Now that Henry is recovering from a major illnesses, he no longer lets the little trivialities, such as late mail, perturb him.
英文解释： verb: to read very carefully
例句： Instead of perusing important documents, people all too often rush to the bottom of the page and plaster their signatures at the bottom.
英文解释： adjective: easily irritated or annoyed
例句： When Ed first met Ruth, he didn't realize she was so petulant, but now that they are three months into their relationship, Ed feels a day doesn't go by in which she isn't whining about some minor issue.
英文解释： adjective: illusive; unreal
例句： Those suffering from malaria fall into a feverish sleep, their world a whirligig of phantasmagoria; if they recover, they are unsure of what actually took place and what was simply a product of their febrile imaginations.
英文解释： adjective: smug and ignorant towards artistic and cultural values
例句： Jane considered Al completely philistine, because he talked almost exclusive about video games; she was entirely unaware of how well read he really was.
英文解释： adjective: showing little emotion
例句： Arnold is truly noble, remaining reserved until an issue of significance arises, but Walter is simply phlegmatic: he doesn't have the energy or inclination to care about anything.
英文解释： adjective: trifling or petty (a person)
例句： English teachers are notorious for being picayune; however, the English language is so nuanced and sophisticated that often such teachers are not being contrary but are only adhering to the rules.
英文解释： verb: ridicule or expose to public scorn
例句： After the candidate confessed, the press of the opposing party took the opportunity to pillory him, printing editorials with the most blatantly exaggerated accusations.