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  8GMAT中所有代词都不用来指代整个句子,只能是特定的名词或主体。但是当it在句首做形式主语时,可以指代:-

  1.后面的不定式

  2.后面的that从句,

  3.如:It is you who is my friend that…

  IV.固定搭配的错误

  (xxx)require somebody to do something that +虚拟语气省略should of somebody that +虚拟语气省略should (xxxi)as的固定搭配begin as, depict as, regard as, perceive as, represent as, see as, be prizeless as, be acclaimed as, think of as, be seem as (xxxii)to be: consider something (省略to be) something [正确答案的出现方式] (xxxiii)help

  a)help somebody to do something

  b)help (to do) something

  c)helpful in doing

  (xxxiv)at point; at pole; at equator; aim at doing something

  (xxxv)forbid somebody to do something; forbid something

  (xxxvi)prohibit somebody from doing something; prohibit something

  (xxxvii)compare A to B (把A比作B)

  (xxxviii)compare A with B (相同(xxxix)事物比较)

  (xl)in that标(xli)准书面英语,(xlii)汉译为"原因体现在"

  (xliii)more ancient标(xliv)准书面英语

  V.连接词连接两个部分的对称性问题

  and在画线部分中或画线部分的前面,and是一个解题点。

  (xlv)形式上对称:名(xlvi)词对名(xlvii)词;分词对分词(现在分词不(xlviii)一定要对现在分词,(xlix)要检验动作的发出者和承受者)

  (l)强调含义上的对称:duty assignment对应the staffing of people

  (li)平行对称结构:多个小分句之间要平行对称,(lii)在最后一个分句前补出and难点:A)在肯定句时,补and;在否定时,补nor英语否定句的定义:句子出现no, not时"Never……"是肯定句,表示否定的含义

  B)非平行结构的误导题(如补充材料5:三个句子不能构成平行对称结构)

  (liii)当前后两个问题对称时,

  (liv)后半句的be动词可能被省略,

  (lv)如to do and do something, to可以省略

  如果发现一个选项有意省略‘to'或被动词时,则很有可能是正确答案对称结构的常考连词:but……or

  either…or…not only…but also…(also有时省略)

  neither…nor…not…but…(优选结构)

  from…to……as well as…

  as…as……rather than…(如果前面有不定式的话,后面不定式往往被省略)

  VII.虽然违反了Effectiveness有效性原则,但ETS把它当成Correctness来处理(lvi)违反了"忠实原文的意思"

  a)极端性修饰词的位置改变了: first, last, typical, typically, only you, you only;

  b)强烈语气表达要保持,如:

  I don't know any……

  Not unlike = like it very much

  Whatever = no matter what…

  Whenever = no matter when

  c)句子的强调重心发生改变一定错!

  d)把倒装句变成正常语序一定错!

  (lvii)简洁原则:语义重复(lviii)一定错!注意(rise, raise, grow, roaring, increase的使用而(lix)使语义重复(lx)的情况)

  from…to…当中不能加up or down

  opposition = againstorbit = aroundannually = a year

  by the name of = be known aswith = include

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“GMAT语法改错题方法讲解二”,希望可以帮助到大家,小编在此预祝大家在考试中取得好成绩!

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