为了帮助大家更好的复习GMAT考试,智课网小编特意为大家整理了关于"GMAT考试的综合"相关内容,希望可以在GMAT的备战中帮助到大家,想了解更多关于GMAT考试备考相关内容,请考生及时关注智课网的GMAT考试频道。

  我们看一道题来说明从几个都是错误的选项中来找出一个相对正确答案的应用。

  The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980's.

  (A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980's.

  (B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980's, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

  (C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980's, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

  (D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980's and cost approximately 51 million dollars.

  (E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980's, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

  这道题目中A选项的it is hoped是个插入语,应该前后用两个逗号隔开。而且A中的which语法上看指代了dollar美圆,而从逻辑来分析其实是应该指代program项目的,所以A错了。B选项和C选项用了hopefully这个词,这不符合商业英文的用法,一般是错误的,应该改为it is hoped。D选项犯了个非常严重的语法错误,它缺少谓语,所以肯定是错误选项。最后答案选E,而其实E选项也只是个相对最佳而非绝对最优,因为它放了 Modernizing the steel mill这个分词结构做主语,应该把它改成the modernization of the steel mill名词形式来做主语会更好一点,但由于这只是个不简洁的错误,属于有效性的错误,与A,B,C,D的错误性质比较起来显得轻微许多,所以答案选E。

  GMAT语法题难题,其实并不可怕,只是因为考生畏难如虎的心里在作祟。要想从容擒获GMAT语法题难题,首先考生应该克服对GMAT语法题难题的心理障碍,其次,面对GMAT语法题难题,要先摸清它们的主干,顺藤摸瓜,就能找到GMAT语法题难题的考查核心了。

  GMAT作文部分包括的了Issue和Argument两部分。Issue部分写作,经常容易出现跑题现象,而这种跑题又往往是在Issue部分错误地使用了Argument的思路,结果导致在考试实战时,当发现自己跑题了,往往已经没有时间进行修改,严重影响了后面考试状态。所以,如何避免跑题是考生备考过程中必须重视的一个问题,以下通过例题来初步学习如何避免Issue作文跑题。

  “A company's long-term success is primarily dependent on the job satisfaction and the job security felt by the company's employees.”

  这道题讨论的是“企业长期成功”(a company's long-term success)与“工作满意度及工作稳定度”(job satisfaction and job security)之间的关系。相对应的补集概念为“企业长期失败”与“工作不满意及工作不稳定”。那么,在以上所叙述的四个集合之间展开的讨论,都是属于紧扣题意的。

  如果错误使用Argument寻找他因的思路,考生就容易去思考“企业长期成功”除了依靠“工作满意度及工作稳定度”之外,还要依靠新兴市场、企业美誉度、商业联盟等因素,即可能形成类似下面这种范文段落:

  I agree that business success is more likely when employees feel satisfied with their jobs. Employees who dislike the workplace or their jobs are not likely to reach their potential performance levels; they may tend to arrive late for work, perform their tasks in an unimaginative and sluggish manner, or take excessive sick leaves. Nevertheless, a firm's long-term success may equally result from other factors such as finding a market niche for products, securing a reputation for quality products and services, or forming a synergistic alliance with a competitor. This list hardly exhausts all the factors that can contribute to a firm's ultimate success, and no none of them—including job satisfaction—is pivotal in every case.

  以上段落中,前半部分论述得当,而后面的划线部分内容就有跑题之嫌。因为,这种发散的思路,从形式上,缺少了一组重要的关键词——“工作满意度及工作稳定度”;从内容上,把文章带领到了一个无边无际的他因海洋之中,严重稀释了原有命题所应有的论证内容,这种发散思路只适用于Argument的批判写作。

  再比如,一位考生在讨论“领导者”与“道德”之间的关系时,主体第一段写“领导者需要有道德”,第二段写“领导者除了要有道德之外,还需要有沟通能力”,第三段写“领导者除了有道德和沟通能力外,还需要有团队合作能力”。可见,这篇文章,除了第一段扣题之外,第二和第三段都属于跑题段落。

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“GMAT语法难题解题技巧介绍”,希望可以帮助到大家,小编在此预祝大家在考试中取得好成绩!

展开显示全文