Argument：以下面的题目为例，argument就是“Problems caused by....in the next few years”
Question: “Which one of the following is an assumptionon which the argument depends?”
Problems caused by the leaching of pollutants from dumps and landfills are worst in countries with an annual per capita economic output of $4,000 to $5,000, and less severe for considerably poorerand considerably richer countries. This is so because pollution problems increase during the early stages of a country’s industrial development but then diminish as increasing industrial development generates adequate resources totackle such problems. Therefore, problems caused by such leaching in Country X,where the annual per capita economic output is now $5,000, should begin to diminish in the next few years.
Which one of the following is an assumptionon which the argument depends?
A. With in the next few years, Country X will impose a system of fines for illegal waste disposal by its industrial companies.
B. Countriessurrounding Country X will reduce the amount of pollution that their factories release into the air and water.
C. Industrial development in Country X will increase in the next few years.
D. CountryX will begin the process of industrialization in the next few years.
E. Noother country with a similar amount of industrial development has pollution problems that are as severe as those in Country X.
Premise: pollution problems increase during the early stages of a country’s industrial development but thendiminish as increasing industrial development generates adequate resources to tackle such problems
Premise支持最后的 conclusion: : problems in Country X should begin to diminish in the next fewyears.
Conclusion: problems in Country X should begin to diminish in the next few years. 是对 premise 的改写
Evidence: in Country X, where the annualper capita economic output is now $5,000,
Hidden Assumption: The industrialdevelopment in Country X will increase in the next years so that itseconomic output will be more than $5,000, it passes over the early stage of industrial development and hasadequate resources to tackle leaching problems.