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  GMAT语法完全倒装句知识点介绍

  1.表语在句首要倒装。

  介词短语/分词短语/形容词短语+系动词+主语(主语与前面的动词主谓一致)

  1.1介词短语在句首

  Among the people was a man named Brown. 在这些人中有一个叫布朗的人。

  On the top of the hill stands an old temple. 这山顶上有一座庙。

  From the valley came a frightening sound with some cries.

  North of the city lies/is a new airport.

  1.2分词作表语

  过去分词(有时构成被动结构的过去分词)提前到句首,引起倒装

  构成进行时态的现在分词也可以提到前面来(正常语序看是进行时态)

  Helping them raise their artistic level are various professorial organizations.

  Visiting the Great Wall were 200 American college students.

  Coinciding with the development of jazz in New Orleans in the 1920's was one of the greatest periods in blues music. (toefl原句)【coinciding with…显然不是动名词而是现在分词倒装】

  现在分词提前到句首引起倒装要和动名词作主语区别开来

  下面例句是动名词作主语:Teaching English is my job. / Visiting the Great wall is worthwhile.

  1.3形容词短语放句首

  Present at the meeting is our English teacher. (Present出席的,在场的)

  Gone are the days when we had a good time at the mountain village. (Gone 离去的)

  2.为了保持句子平衡或上下文的连接更紧密,也可以采用倒装。

  They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of which sat a small boy.

  主语有过多修饰语亦可采用完全倒装

  Noteworthy is the factthat he has talent for music.

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