GMAT语法复习中,很多知识点是零散的。因此大家备考起来也是比较繁琐的。每一个小的语法知识,都有可能成为考试中的考点,因此大家在备考中,需要更多的耐心和时间,来备考这部分内容。下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  which指代的两种情况:

  1、紧邻修饰:一般情况下,“名词,which”中的which是就近修饰紧邻的名词的。这种例子多的不胜枚举。

  一般例子就不用举了,只举个比较特别例子“A of B, which”(注:这里的of表示从属关系)

  (1)The commission proposed that funding for development of the park, which could be open to the public early next year, be obtained through a local bond issue.

  (2)Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D.69, during the reign of Vespasian, and was completed the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladitorial games, and spectacles.

  2、跳跃修饰:在前有“核心词+介词、分词等修饰结构”或者插入语的情况下,which跳跃修饰前面的核心词,不能修饰紧邻的名词。

  【例子】From the bark of the paper birch tree the Menomini crafted a canoe about twenty feet long and two feet wide, with small ribs and rails of cedar, which could carry four persons or eight hundred pounds of baggage so light that a person could easily portage it around impeding rapids.

  (A)baggage so light

  (B) baggage being so light

  (C) baggage, yet being so light

  (D) baggage, and so light

  (E) baggage yet was so light

  答案:E

  这句话的which离其所应该修饰的核心词canoe很远,中间隔了一个插入语,还隔了个介词结构about…,但只要知道核心词是canoe就能一目了然找到which应该指的是什么。这里不能修饰紧邻的名词cedar。

  此外which还有以下用法:

  (1)which指代主句宾语:s+verb+o,which指代0(svo,which指代s一定错!)

  (2)which指代主句主语s:s+verb,which

  以上就是关于“GMAT语法用法解析:which”的内容,相信大家对接下来的备考内容,有更清晰的了解。考试成绩的高分,并不是一蹴而就的,大家还是需要踏踏实实的练习备考,才能真正的提升我们的分数。


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